In a medical emergency, the difference between life and death can be a fraction of a second. A mobile crash cart or emergency medication cart, allows medical staff quick and easy access to lifesaving medical equipment and medications, giving them the precious seconds to respond to coding patients. To learn more about crash carts and how they can work for your facility, here is a guide to the essential features and medications to have in your crash cart.
Benefits of Crash Carts
Crash carts were created out of a necessity to have the equipment on hand to respond to cardiac or respiratory failure. Over the years, advances in medical technology have been integrated into crash carts, so they now offer even bigger benefits for both medical staff and patients.
Essential Equipment in a Single Location
Moving patients during cardiac or respiratory failure can cause severe damage and endanger the life of the patient; however, medical staff may need access to many types of equipment during an emergency. Crash carts keep all essential emergency equipment and medications in a single location, removing the need to transport patients and saving precious time.
Emergencies can happen anytime and, in any place, and crash carts with wheels offer a mobile solution to ensure that lifesaving medical treatments are always within reach and it also means that the patient does not need to be moved. Not only are carts ergonomically designed and feature a slim profile for fitting into tight spaces, swiveling wheels offer exceptional maneuverability so that carts can be taken almost anywhere around your facility.
Emergency medical equipment can be sensitive and prone to damage during the stress of an emergency. A crash cart is constructed from durable powder coated material and stainless steel for improved durability and easy care and maintenance.
Medical staff must have the right equipment and medications at their fingertips in the case of an emergency. Crash carts and mobile medication carts feature a large top workspace for housing equipment such as a defibrillator, allowing for immediate access.
Crash carts also feature multiple drawers for storing medications and IV and intubation equipment. Crash cart drawers can be fitted with electronic locks for security and also come in a range of dimensions to suit your facility.
Though crash carts are predominantly used during an emergency, they can also be used as point of care carts to manage the overall care of your patients. In addition to essential equipment for reviving and resuscitating patients, crash carts can be installed with computer technology to allow access to electronic patient data, turning it into a central information hub for medical staff when not in emergency use.
Improve Quality of Care
Crash carts are designed to improve the efficiency of staff during an emergency. This improved workflow consequently enhances the quality of care and patient health outcomes.
For crash carts fitted with computers, electronic access to patient records and medical history can speed up staff’s emergency response time and prevent diagnosis and dosage errors.
Essential Features of Crash Carts
While the content of crash carts can differ from facility to facility, there are some must-have features that all carts should have that can help your staff to perform emergency life-saving procedures more effectively.
Defibrillator and Heart Monitor
Cardiac arrest is one of the most common codes that requires the use of a crash cart. The defibrillator and heart monitor are typically kept on the top of the cart for the easiest access. Spare defibrillator pads and gel are also stored on top of the cart.
Portable Suction Machine
During respiratory failure in which the airway is blocked is it essential that the airway be cleared as quickly as possible. A portable suction machine located on the outside of the crash cart can quickly remove obstructions allowing staff to either restore regular breathing or prepare for intubation.
As patient data is becoming increasingly digitized, computers are becoming a necessary piece of equipment for every crash cart. Fast access to electronic patient data can prevent life-threatening misdiagnoses and reduce errors during emergency procedures.
A computer installed on a crash cart can also be an effective way to track crash carts and improve crash cart preparedness. An electronic tracking system can replace paper logs to monitor equipment and medication levels and send electronic notifications to staff to indicate when to check the cart and when to replace items.
Oxygen Tank and Masks
In cases of respiratory failure, oxygen may need to be administered, so a full and easily accessible oxygen tank and mas are essential pieces of equipment to have on your crash cart. The oxygen tank should be securely fastened to the side of the cart with an approved strap, and the tank levels need to be closely monitored to ensure that there is always oxygen in the tank.
The risk of infection and injury increase during an emergency procedure, so bins are a must-have feature of any crash cart to maintain a hygienic and safe environment. Many emergencies require the use of hypodermic needles and syringes to administer medications. These sharp objects must be disposed of appropriately so the cart should feature both a medical waste bin and a sharps container.
In addition, a crash cart must feature wheels or casters for mobility. One of the biggest benefits to crash carts is the ability to take them to whenever the patient is located.
Wheels or casters allow the crash cart to maneuver through tight spaces and be taken room to room for better staff access. They can then be locked to prevent cart movement during use. At Scott-Clark Medical, our casters feature multiple surface rollers allowing them to move easily between different rooms.
Medication carts can contain medications which are subject to strict regulatory laws as well as potentially dangerous instruments. These items must be tracked to avoid misuse. Locked trays provide added security with electronic locking that is only accessible to authorized medical staff. These locks do not slow down emergency efforts as the locks are responsive and can move drawers slightly forward to indicate the drawer is ready.
It may be necessary to manually open a patient’s airway, so intubation equipment needs to be on hand in one or more of your crash cart drawers. Inside these drawers, you should have intubation tubes of various sizes, tongue depressors, bite block, laryngoscopes of different sizes, syringes, a flashlight, as well as other intubation essentials.
Depending on the location of the crash cart, it may also need to stock pediatric intubation equipment in a separate second drawer to avoid confusion.
For patients who are unable to receive hydration and medication orally, medical staff must set up an IV line. IV drawers should be separated into an IV starter drawer and IV maintenance drawer and include items such as angiocathaters, tourniquet tubing, disinfectant and vacutainers. The IV maintenance drawer should also contain spare IV solution.
Procedure Kit Drawer
Many types of emergencies can arise. The procedure kit drawer contains various prepackaged kits for different procedures as well as items for creating a sterile environment, such as surgical drapes and gloves, as well as spare IV fluid.
While lifesaving technology and equipment are an important feature to have on crash carts, medications are often necessary in emergencies. Medications are typically stored in the first and second drawers for easy access, and while there are some standard medications that all carts should stock, there are other medications that are specific to different medical facilities.
Medications Stocked in Crash Carts
Emergency medications are generally stored in premeasured, easily dispensable portions. Some of the medications that every crash cart should have include:
- Amiodarone to restore a regular heartbeat
- Aspirin for use during a suspected heart attack to thin the blood
- Atropine to slow the heart rate and treat suspected poisoning
- Sodium bicarbonate used to combat acidosis, shock and cardiac arrest
- Calcium chloride used in cardiac resuscitation and to treat arrhythmias
- Sodium chloride used to regulate the electrolyte levels in the body
- Dextrose used to treat hypoglycemia and insulin shock
- Dopamine to improve heart pumping strength and blood flow to the kidneys if the patient goes into shock
- Epinephrine to regulate heart rate and breathing, to drop blood pressure, and reduce swelling in patients suffering severe allergic shock
- Lidocaine to treat arrhythmias if Amiodarone is contraindicated
- Nitroglycerin to treat myocardial infarction and severe hypertension
- Vasopressin in diabetic emergencies and some cases for gastrointestinal bleeding
- Povidone-Iodine (Betadine) for irrigating wounds
- Sterile water
- Alcohol swabs
Your cart may also need to stock other medications such as Narcan at narcotics treatment facilities, or EpiPen Jr. if your cart is to be used for pediatric emergencies.
How to Organize Your Crash Cart
The main reason for using crash carts is for better access to emergency equipment. Your carts should be organized in a way the facilitates speedy equipment operation and location of medications.
Large equipment such as the defibrillator, suction machine and monitors should be on top of the carts, with oxygen tanks and masks strapped to the side with control valves easily accessible.
Medications typically go in the first and second drawers, intubation and IV equipment in the next drawers and procedure kit in the lowest drawer.
Most hospitals differ as to how their crash carts are organized according to the needs of their patients, and even departments and wards within a hospital may have different locations for emergency items. The key to ensuring that staff can reach and locate these items during an emergency is to have each drawer clearly labelled.
Maintaining Your Crash Cart
A crash cart is of little use if important equipment or medications are missing when you need them most.
Check your crash carts after every use and keep your crash carts fully equipped and well-maintained by checking the expiration date of medications and defibrillator pads monthly, and ensuring that the batteries are charged with spare battery available for hot swapping if necessary. Document all equipment and medication inspections to maintain a regular schedule.
Your fleet of crash carts will also need regular cleaning and disinfecting to prevent the transmission of bacteria and viruses. Scott-Clark Medical crash carts are constructed from easy-to-clean materials that will not erode or disintegrate with constant sterilization.
There is no overarching regulatory board or federal law that dictates the presence, contents and features of crash carts in medical facilities. However, your crash carts may be subject to state laws and other state regulatory bodies such as the Department of Health or the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations regarding crash cart safety and preparedness.
One of the regulations that typically applies to crash carts across many states is in regard to sealed trays. Sealed trays simply protect the security and hygiene of sensitive items. Once the seal is broken, the items must be replaced.
Custom Crash Carts
As different facilities require different equipment and medications for their patients, purchasing custom crash carts is a great way to ensure that your crash carts function specifically for your needs.
At Scott-Clark Medical, we can create custom carts that feature our patented mobile cart technologies, including electronic locking medical drawers, Flexible Mobile Cart Power Technology (FMCPT) and hot swap batteries. These features can improve the workflow of your medical facility and help you better save the lives of your patients by providing efficient, quality patient care.
Crash carts are vital for ensuring that medical staff have the right equipment and medications on hand during an emergency procedure. Talk to one of our experienced professional technicians at Scott-Clark Medical at (512)-598-5466 to learn about how you can customize your fleet of crash carts to suit the needs of your facility.